'''John Gerard''', also spelt '''John Gerarde''', (c. 1545–1612) was a botanist and herbalist
. He maintained a large herbal garden
in London. His chief notability is as the author of a large (1,484 pages) illustrated ''Herball, or Generall Historie of Plantes''. First published in 1597, it was the most widely circulated botany book in English in the 17th century. Except for the additions of a number of plants from his own garden and from North America, Gerard's ''Herbal'' is largely an unacknowledged English translation of Rembert Dodoens
's herbal originally published in 1554, itself also highly popular (in Dutch, Latin, French and other English translations).
Gerard's ''Herball'' is profusely illustrated with high-quality drawings of plants, with the printer's woodcut
s for the drawings largely coming from Continental European sources, but also containing an original title page with copperplate engraving by William Rogers (engraver)|William...